Orchid Phalaenopsis – conditions for growing.
Most Phalaenopsis orchids that we can get from the market are selectively approved for home-grown farming. When we feel good – The orchid feels good too.
At room conditions, the Phalaenopsis orchid grows in pots, most often transparent. Transparent plastic pots are used to control the humidity of the mixture, to observe the condition of the root system and, most importantly, to reach light to the roots, which also feed the plant. In practice many lovers successfully grow this type of orchids and in thick, opaque pots. Trust in choosing a vessel primarily for one that access fresh air to the roots is free. Generally, the appropriate pots for Phalaenopsis are transparent and have openings for air circulation.
HUMIDITY for orchid Phalaenopsis.
Many of the species and hybrids of phalaenopsis are seen at relative humidity of 40-50%. To locally increase the moisture content of the pots, they are left in a pot of ceramist. It is also useful to spray the air around the leaves. There should be no water in the bosom of the leaves, causing the rosette to rot.
TEMPERATURE for orchid Phalaenopsis.
Most species and hybrids refer to warmer temperature groups. In winter and summer, the favorable temperature is 22-25 ° C, and at night not lower than 21 ° C. Good bloom is achieved, with the difference between daytime and nighttime temperatures not more than 5-10 ° C. Otherwise the colorant may dry out.
AIR for orchid Phalaenopsis.
Almost all Phalaenopsis orchids are air plants in nature grow on the trunks and branches of trees. Moisture, minerals and organic matter are provided by photosynthesis of multiple airborne roots. With them the flowers are attached to the trunks of the trees and parts of them are swinging in the air. Therefore, air circulation must be ensured in room conditions. At the bottom of the pot is made a drainage of ceramist or pieces of foam.
Soil, fertilizers and replanting.
Substrate for Phalaenopsis and soil for orchids, in most cases, is prepared from a mixture of large pieces of pine bark, coconut fiber, lint and the like. Feed with a special fertilizer for orchids once every 4 weeks. Replanting takes place once in about 2 years, after flourishing. Do not worry about the roots if you think it’s tight in the pot. If transplanting the roots and they are damaged, the plant is difficult to adapt. Replace if you think the substrate is degraded or has invaders and / or rots. After replanting, do not water at least 2-3 days.To maintain the leaves of the orchid, it is good to clean them with a cotton swab, soaked with lemon juice.